[ti:US Medical Group Calls for Total Ban on E-Cigarettes, Vaping Products]
[00:00.04]The American Medical Association has called for an immediate ban
[00:06.98]on all electronic cigarettes and vaping devices.
[00:13.04]The group made the policy decision at a meeting Tuesday in San Diego, California.
[00:20.34]It aims to push for state and federal laws and legal action to put a ban in place.
[00:29.60]However, the industry is sure to fight back.
[00:34.80]The AMA cited a quick rise in use of e-cigarettes and other vaping devices among young people.
[00:45.24]The devices heat a liquid into a gas or vapor.
[00:50.08]Most products contain nicotine.
[00:53.50]"It's simple, we must keep nicotine products out of the hands of young people,"
[01:00.08]Dr. Patrice Harris, AMA's president, said in a statement.
[01:06.48]The doctors' group added that it has another reason for taking the position
[01:12.05]— the recent U.S. spread of lung diseases linked to vaping.
[01:17.19]Most of those sickened said they vaped THC,
[01:21.95]the part of marijuana that creates a "high" –- not nicotine.
[01:28.16]Officials believe a thickening substance used in illegally sold
[01:32.94]THC vaping products may have caused the lung conditions.
[01:38.64]About 2,100 people have gotten sick.
[01:42.77]Forty-two people have died.
[01:46.72]The disease spread has "shined a light on the fact
[01:50.48]that we have very little evidence about the short- and long-term
[01:55.17]health consequences of e-cigarettes and vaping products," Harris said.
[02:02.60]The AMA has also sought bans on e-cigarette flavors and advertisements.
[02:10.40]Some observers say the AMA's position has problems.
[02:15.13]And they say there is little chance of gaining a full federal ban.
[02:21.64]Jonathan Foulds is a tobacco dependency specialist at Penn State University.
[02:28.56]He said he would support the AMA's position "if they were seeking a ban
[02:34.78]on all tobacco products that are smoked, including e-cigarettes."
[02:39.84]But he added, "right now, nicotine electronic cigarettes are competing with
[02:46.32]and replacing the most harmful legal product in this country."
[02:51.41]Gregory Conley is president of the American Vaping Association.
[02:57.59]He said the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has made it clear
[03:03.56]that its concern is black market THC oil containers sold by drug dealers.
[03:11.72]He said it would be a mistake to listen to "misguided" supporters of a ban.
[03:19.16]He said, "The evidence continues to indicate that adult smokers who switch
[03:24.76]to nicotine vaping products greatly improve their health."
[03:29.76]The AMA policy calls for a ban on vaping products not approved to help people quit.
[03:37.60]That would mean a ban on all vaping products,
[03:41.04]as there are no products approved as such in the United States.
[03:47.08]Stephanie Caccomo, an FDA press officer, said the agency promises to do
[03:53.72]"everything we can to prevent kids from using tobacco products."
[03:59.84]Juul Labs, the nation's biggest e-cigarette maker,
[04:04.08]did not immediately answer a request for comment from the AP.
[04:09.36]E-cigarettes first appeared in the United States more than 10 years ago and are popular today.
[04:16.88]Possible long-term effects of vaping are unknown.
[04:21.68]The FDA has been widely criticized for repeatedly delaying its plan
[04:27.25]to begin examining thousands of vaping products on the market.
[04:32.48]The start of the investigation is now set for May 2020.
[04:37.48]I'm Ashley Thompson. 更多聽力請訪問51VOA.COM