[ti:End Your Confusion about Borrow and Lend]
[00:00.01]This week we answer a question we received in an email from Tina.
[00:09.52]I just want to know how to use the words
[00:13.07]"borrow" and "lend" in a situation.
[00:17.53]Is it correct to say, "Could you lend me a pen?"
[00:21.68]or " Can I borrow your pen?" Thank you very much.
[00:27.72]These two words are a source of trouble for many English learners.
[00:33.87]The reason? They have about the same meaning,
[00:38.45]but each word's action goes in different directions.
[00:43.39]"Borrow" means to take something from another person,
[00:48.25]knowing you will give it back to them.
[00:51.10]"Lend" means to give something to another person expecting to get it back.
[00:58.37]So the sentences you asked about are both correct.
[01:03.08]Your choice of "borrow" or "lend"
[01:06.36]depends on which direction is more important to you.
[01:10.58]Imagine yourself in the middle of the picture.
[01:14.09]Anything you "borrow" moves toward you.
[01:17.97]Things you "lend" go away from you.
[01:21.87]Notice that the prepositions that often follow the verbs are different.
[01:28.53]We borrow from someone, but we lend to someone.
[01:34.04]Let's say you and I go shopping, Tina.
[01:38.40]I need to sign my name on a receipt, but I do not have a pen.
[01:43.76]So I ask you, "Can I borrow a pen?" I chose "borrow"
[01:50.08]because I am thinking of the action as it relates to me.
[01:54.19]You are a good friend, so you lend me the pen.
[01:58.56]I forget it is yours and I put it in my bag.
[02:02.97]Later, we meet a good friend and she asks for your email address.
[02:09.72]You search in your bag, but – no pen!
[02:13.05]You think, "I lent Jill my pen. And she didn't give it back to me."
[02:18.92]Now you are thinking of the action that you did.
[02:22.89]So, you can ask me, "Jill, do you remember
[02:27.12]that pen I lent you? I need it now."
[02:30.77]I feel bad that I forgot to return the pen.
[02:34.68]I say, "Sorry, Tina! I forgot that I borrowed it. Here you are!"
[02:40.57]Be careful: personal pronouns like me, you, him and others
[02:47.82]never come after the verb "borrow,"
[02:51.21]but it is correct to use them after "lend,"
[02:54.97]as in, "Lend me a dollar for some ice cream."
[02:58.66]I hope this helps you understand "lend" and "borrow."
[03:02.86]And that's Ask a Teacher!
[03:05.60]I'm Jill Robbins. 更多聽力請訪問51VOA.COM